300 Westview Dr NE

Cleveland, TN 37312

7th/8th Grade

Mrs. Valerie Hunt’s 7th and 8th Grade Classroom

I am blessed and privileged to teach a delightful and talented

group of 7th and 8th graders at Bowman Hills School.

“The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom.”  ~Psalm 9:10



“I have touched with a sense of art some people – they felt the love and the life.

Can you offer me anything to compare to that joy for an artist?” 

~ Mary Cassatt

Final American Art Review


 “Get yourself to a vantage point of seclusion and view the world with your eyes alone.

Think of the infinite spaces of the skies and the world beneath. “

~Charles Burchfield

Artists and Style


Style Characteristics

  • Attempted to show what life is “really” like.
  • Painted subjects to look realistic.
  • Painted common, ordinary, even ugly images of life.
  • Painted the common people instead of the upper class.
  • Showed subjects doing everyday tasks.
  • Brought people into their studios and posed them.

Jean-François Millet ( 1814-1875)

  • Born in France.
  • Visited the Louvre Museum often
  • Painted signs and portraits in his early career.
  • Painted landscapes and people in common everyday activities later in life.
  • Used water color and pastels.




  • Used quick, choppy brush strokes
  • Tried to capture effects of light
  • Placed unmixed colors next to each other to create impression of third color
  • Created shadows using colors instead of using black
  • Painted spontaneously
  • Captured “vibrating quality of light.”

Claude Monet (1840-1926)


Art Nouveau


  • World-wide art movement characterized by:
  •  natural themes — especially floral   (Charles Darwin’s Origin of the Species)
  •   flowing, curving lines and forms
  •  useful art designs–furniture, architecture, jewelry, etc.

Louis Comfort Tiffany (1848-1933)

  • He was trained as a painter.
  •   He became interested in glass making.
  •   He used opalescent glass and   “impurities” in the glass  to   create beautiful works.
  •   Patented his “Favrile” (handmade)   iridescent glass in 1894.
  •   In 1893 he started a factory and hired   skilled glass artisans and   designers–even women.



  • Color instead of form
  • Color to express feeling instead of to show reality
  • Unrealistic color
  • Simplified shapes
  • Patterns and repeated shapes
  • Contrasting color

Henri Matisse (1869-1954)

Biography on Ducksters



  • Created by our featured artist in collaboration with Georges Braque (French) to create a “new way of seeing things”
  • Attempted to show multiple viewpoints at once
  • Used combinations of basic geometric shapes
  • Painted pictures that look like fractured glass
  • Used bright colors and hard-edged forms to create a flattened picture
  • Distorted reality

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

  • Born in Spain
  • Father taught art
  • Went to a prestigious art school at 14
  • Painted so well his father supposedly vowed never to paint again
  • Officially named Pablo(Pablito) Diego Jose Santiago       Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno Crispin   Crispiniano de los Remedios Cipriano de la   Santisima Trinidad Ruiz Blasco y Picasso Lopez!
  • Duckster biography


Style — History and Characteristics

  • The movement started in early 1900s.
  • Artists reverted to the basic fundamentals of art such as color, form, and line.
  • They felt that art shouldn’t be the reproduction of real objects, but the expression of the absolutes of life.
  • The only absolutes are lines and primary colors.
  • Primary colors–red, blue, and yellow or “non-colors”–gray, black, and white
  • Geometric shapes such as rectangular planes or prisms
  • Balance by use of opposition
  • Straight lines or rectangular areas
  • No symmetry
  • Balance and rhythm through proportion and location


Piet Mondrian (1872-1944)

  • He was born Pieter Cornelis Mondriaan, Jr. in the Netherlands.
  • Father was a teacher and artist.
  • He studied art at National Academy of Art in Amsterdam.
  • He left his parents’ church and could be regarded as a “hippy.”
  • He loved nature and painted landscapes and flowers.
  • He taught elementary school.


Style –history and characteristics

  • French for “hobbyhorse”
  • Randomly chosen name (according to historians—knife in dictionary)
  • Anti-art instead of art
  • A reaction to World War I
  • Expression of the disorder of the world
  • Meant to “enrage” instead of “engage”
  • Collage of unrelated subjects
  • Cut up photographs and other printed images
  • Photo mantage

Raoul Hausmann (1886-1971)

  • Born in Austria
  • Moved to Germany when he was 14
  • Studied with his father, a painter
  • Studied art, philosophy, and literature
  • Wrote poems and articles
  • Edited magazine titled “Dada”
  • Helped found the “Dada” art movement


Style–History and Characteristics

  • 1909-1918 (1920s)
  • Began as a literary movement in Italy
  • Started after poet Filippo Tommaso Marinetti wrote a manifesto in 1909
  • create a new art for ourselves
  • throw out the ideas of the past, especially political and artistic ideas.
  • glorify speed, noise, machines, pollution and industrialization of cities
  • see industrialization and the invention of cars and airplanes as man’s triumph over nature
  • oppose “pastists” and “pastism”
  • glorify war and violence
  • Repetition of lines to create rhythm
  • Use of time lapse photography to capture the element of time
  • Illusion of movement
  • Brilliant colors
  • Flowing brush strokes


Giacomo Balla  (1871-1958)

  • Born in Turin Italy in 1871
  • Studied art
  • Worked as an illustrator, caricaturist and portrait painter
  • Taught artists
  • Signed futurist manifesto and devoted work to that style
  • Painted, sculpted, made furniture and clothing in the futurist style
  • Continued working in the style into the 1920s.



Style — History and Characteristics

  • People should free their minds and exercise their “unconscious minds.”
  • Perhaps dreams are more true than everyday reality.
  • Art should be mysterious.
  • Art is images of reality but NOT reality.
  • Fantasy mixed with reality
  • Surprising and imaginative
  • Dream-like and mysterious
  • Images that are not reality but look “real”
  • Juxtaposing (like Dada) unrelated things


René Magritte (1898-1967)

  • He was born in Belgium in 1898.
  • His mother committed suicide when he was 13.
  • At 16 he studied art at a fine arts academy.
  • He served in the military.
  • He worked as a graphic designer designing wallpaper and as a portrait painter.
  • In 1926 began painting in a “surreal” way like Salvador Dali from Spain.

Abstract Expressionism

Style — History and Characteristics

  • The movement had its roots in cubism and   surrealism.
  • Abstract Expressionism started in America after   World War II.
  • With the beginning of Abstract Expressionism,   New York replaced Paris as the center of   the art world.
  • The movement had its roots in cubism and   surrealism.
  • Abstract Expressionism started in America after   World War II.
  • With the beginning of Abstract Expressionism,   New York replaced Paris as the center of   the art world.
  • Painting abstract images
  • Focusing on surface qualities such as brush   strokes and texture
  • Using huge canvases
  • Embracing accidents as part of the art process
  • Glorifying the act of painting
  • Attempting to capture pure emotion on canvas

Jackson Pollock (1912-1956) about him and his unique style

In the 1940’s he began to develop his own unique techniques

  • He affixed the canvas to the floor   or wall.
  • Paint was poured or dripped on the   canvas.
  • Sticks, trowels and knives were   used instead of brushes.
  • Sometimes he mixed broken glass   or sand into the paint.
  • He wanted an All-over style where   no part of the painting is   emphasized over another.

Website with biographical information:  Tate


Pop Art


  • Every day objects drawn in bold colorful ways
  •   Short for Popular Art
  •   Inspired by comic strips, advertising, and   popular entertainment.

Andy Warhol (1928-1987)

  • Born in 1928 with a natural talent for art.
  • Studied design and illustration in college.
  • Worked in New York City after graduation doing magazine illustrations, decorating store windows, designing greeting cards, record   albums, book covers, etc.  He even designed the images used in TV weather reports.
  • Wanted to be famous, so he started his own style of   painting images from everyday life.
  • Made a movie once of a man sleeping for 6 hours.



Psalm 139:1-18, 23-24  NIV








O Lord, you have searched me,
and you know me.

You know when I sit and when I rise;
you perceive my thoughts from afar.

You discern my going out and my lying

   down; you are familiar with all my ways.

4Before a word is on my tongue
you know it completely, O Lord.

You hem me in behind and before;
you have laid your hand upon me.

Such knowledge is too wonderful for me,

    too lofty for me to attain.


Where can I go from your Spirit?
Where can I flee from your presence?

If I go up to the heavens, you are there;
if I make my bed in the depths, you are   


If I rise on the wings of the dawn,
if I settle on the far side of the sea,

10 even there your hand will guide me,
your right hand will hold me fast.


11 If I say, “Surely the darkness will hide me
and the light become night around me,”

12 even the darkness will not be dark to you;
the night will shine like the day,
for darkness is as light to you.

13 For you created my inmost being;
you knit me together in my mother’s womb.

14 I praise you because I am fearfully and

   wonderfully made; your works are

   wonderful, I know that full well.


15 My frame was not hidden from you
when I was made in the secret place,
when I was woven together in the depths of

    the earth.

16 Your eyes saw my unformed body;
all the days ordained for me were written in

    your book before one of them came to be.


17 How precious to me are your thoughts, O

How vast is the sum of them!

18 Were I to count them,
they would outnumber the grains of

    sand—when I awake, I am still with you.


19 If only you would slay the wicked, O God!
Away from me, you bloodthirsty men!
20 They speak of you with evil intent;
your adversaries misuse your name.

21 Do I not hate those who hate you, O Lord,
and abhor those who rise up

    against you?
22 I have nothing but hatred for them;
I count them my enemies.

23 Search me, O God, and know my heart;
test me and know my anxious thoughts.

24 See if there is any offensive way in me,
and lead me in the way everlasting.


IXL Log in



Date Due:  Monday, October 14, 2019

IXL Skill AssignedSmartScore Expected/or time to work
B.4  Absolute value and opposite integers100
B.5  Compare and order integers100
B.6  Integer inequalities with absolute values100
C.1  Integer addition and subtraction rules100
C.3  Add integers100
C.6  Subtract integers100
C.9  Add and subtract integers100 
C.17  Multiply and divide integers95 
C.19  Add, subtract, multiply, and divide integers80 


Date Due:  Monday, October 14, 2019

IXL Skill AssignedSmartScore Expected/or time to work
B.3 Absolute value and opposite integers100
B.5 Integer inequalities with absolute values100
C.3 Add and subtract integers100
C.7 Multiply and divide integers100
C.8  Evaluate numerical expressions involving integers90
W.7 Solve one-step equations100
W.8 Solve two-step equations95
W.10 Solve equations involving like terms85
W.11  Solve equations with variables on both sides75



Science Spot — Links to Periodic Table


Isomers — Khan Academy


Jefferson Labs — Balancing Act!


Genetic Engineering Websites to Visit

Pros and Cons — Health Research Funding

Genetic Engineering topics to explore — A Guide for Kids with Tiki the Penguin


Genetic Engineering and the Christian — Is it moral?

Adventist Perspective — Adventist.org

Bible Texts — Open Bible.info

Glossary of Astronomers from Enchanted Learning

Famous Astronomers.org

Space.com — Famous Astronomers

Windows2universe — People

Early Astronomers


Links for Tree Honor Project

Leaf Identification Sites — Online Dichotomous Keys

  1. Key to Leaves of Virginia Trees
  2. What Tree Is It?
  3. Illustrated Key to Common Trees of Middle Tennessee
  4. Dichotomous Tree Key
  5. Virginia Tech Dendrology

Tree Table Assistance

Pathfinder Tree Honor Key

Leaf Test Practice

Leaf ID Power point

Root Resources

Kiddle — “Root Facts for Kids”

Crops Review — The Functions of the Root

Encyclopedia.com — Roots

Alcohol Webquest Resources

  1. How alcohol works — https://science.howstuffworks.com/alcohol1.htm
  2. Alcohol’s effects on the body — https://www.collegedrinkingprevention.gov/specialfeatures/interactivebody.aspx
  3. What do you know about the effects of alcohol?  QUIZ —http://healthlibrary.brighamandwomens.org/InteractiveTools/Quizzes/40,AlcoholAbuseQuiz
  4. Binge Drinking — https://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/fact-sheets/binge-drinking.htm
  5. Compute your BAC (Blood Alcohol Concentration) — http://www.intox.com/wheel/drinkwheel.asp



South America

              SOCIAL STUDIES



“We have nothing to fear for the future,

except as we shall forget the way the Lord has led us,

and His teaching in our past history.” 

                           ~ Ellen White

Biography Research Links

Wikipedia (for organizing and discovering ONLY — not for research of facts)

Works Cited Resources:   MLA Format for pring media such as books

MLA Format Electronic Sources such as internet

Easy Bib


Carrie Chapman Catt

National Women’s History Museum

Iowa State University

Library of Congress

League of Women Voters History

Henry Ford

American National Biography

The Henry Ford

Ford News

Fact File

Obituary from New York Times — On This Day

Oldfield and racing 

Picture of 999 and Oldfield on day of 1902 race win

Henry Ford Hospital

Henry Ford RACE


Scott Joplin

Library of Congress

The State Historical Society of Missouri

Scott Joplin International Ragtime Foundation


Thomas Edison


Lemelson Center

National Park Service


Carrie Nation

VCU Libraries

The Smashers Mail — collection of newspapers published by Carrie Nation

The State Historical Society of Missouri

How Stuff Works — Podcast:  Carry A. Nation, Part 1


Primary Documents


Ida Tarbell



Connecticut History.org

Americans Who Tell the Truth


Theodore Roosevelt

Miller Center

National Park Service

Theodore Roosevelt Center

Ducksters — Accomplishments

Teddy Bear Story

Alvin York

Tennessee  Virtual Archive

Legends and Traditions of the Great War

World War I Document Archive (a paragraph about him after the war)

National Public Radio Education (more about the school he desired and helped make reality)


Mary Kenny O’Sullivan

Encyclopedia Britannica




Encyclopedia Britannica


American National Biography

Liliuokalani Trust

Alice Roosevelt

Theodore Roosevelt Center

Almanac of Theodore Roosevelt

Washington Post

New York Times

Andrew Carnegie

Andrew Carnegie .org

Library of Congress

PBS American Experience





Legends of America

The Public Domain

Museum Research Links

Topics of Middle Ages to Consider

  1. Vikings
  2. Castles of the Middle Ages
  3. Magna Carta
  4. The 100 Years War
  5. Medicine in the Middle Ages
  6. The Holy Roman Empire
  7. Kids in the Middle Ages
  8. Emperor Henry IV
  9. Peasants in the Middle Ages
  10. Isabella and Ferdinand of Spain
  11. Charlemagne and the Franks
  12. Pope Urban II
  13. Byzantine Empire
  14. The Crusades
  15. King Richard I
  16. The Inquisition
  17. Saladin
  18. Code of Chivalry
  19. Francis of Assisi
  20. Feudal System
  21. Monks and Monasteries
  22. Knights
  23. William the Conqueror
  24. Eleanor of Aquitaine
  25. Pope Benedict
  26. Women in the Middle Ages
  27. Samurai
  28. Pope Gregory VII
  29. Thomas Aquinas
  30. Joan of Arc
  31. Black Death
  32. Reconquista
  33. Spanish Inquisition
  34. Ghengis Khan
  35. Muhammad
  36. Sui Dynasty
  37. Tang Dynasty
  38. Song Dynasty
  39. Korea in the Middle Ages
  40. Akbar
  41. Mansa Musa
  42. Kublai Khan

General Medieval History Links

Questia Research Topics

Edtechteacher Medieval History Websites



Central European University


Ancient History Encyclopedia

International Heraldry.com

Hagan Family Crest

Siege Weapons

Exploring Castles.com

Medieval Life and Times

Ancient History Encyclopedia



History on the Net

How stuff works — siege methods

History Crunch.com

Lords ‘n Ladies


Famous Seige










Kiddle Encyclopedia (Wikipedia)

Seppuku from Encyclopedia Britannica.com

Religion of Samurai  — Asian Art


Ancient Encyclopedia

Queen Isabella of Spain

Encyclopedia Britannica


New Encyclopedia.org



BBC Bite Sized


University of Chicago Library

Viking Religion — BBC.co.uk

Yale historian

History of the World.org


Eleanor of Aquitaine




Ehistory at Ohio State University

British Heritage Travel

Electrum Magazine article

Leonardo Da Vinci




daVinci inventions.com

Museum of Boston








Joan of Arc




St. Joan Center


Attila the Hun

History for Kids “Attila the Hun”

Ancient History Encyclopedia

Smithsonian Magazine.com



Ancient History Encyclopedia



Bay Trail Middle School — Mr. Giotto’s Online Textbook

Encyclopedia Britannica

Marriage to Theodora — Catholic Law Review

The famous people

Black Death

History Today

Centers for Disease Control

Eyewitness to History


Khan Academy — The Black Death

Khan Academy — Plague



Ming Dynasty

The UnMuseum

China Highlights

Encyclopedia Britannica — Great Wall

How Stuff Works.com

Travel China.com

Encyclopedia Britannica — Ming


Ancient Encyclopedia

Ming Lacquerwork

Canadian Provinces Research Project Links

Travel Canada — Kids Space  (This has links to each province–Good site)

2Learn — Numerous links to resources on Canada and regions

Canada Info — Information on Provinces  (Site Kids’ Space links to)*****

Kids’ Zone — Links to information about the provinces (good site)*****

Canadian Geographic — Unusual Facts

Links to numerous resources about various topics on Canada

Blank map of Canada to practice provinces and capitals study

Canadian Encyclopedia–This site has articles and time lines

Canadian Provinces Tutorial–This site has an interactive map to practice provinces and capitals as well as information about each province

Tripsavvy — Guide to the provinces with interesting pieces of information***


Specific Provinces — Mostly Fun Facts

Labrador and Newfoundland

New Brunswick

Yukon Territory

Northwest Territories


Nova Scotia

Quebec  — Things to see and do,  Fun Facts

Prince Edward Island — Fun Facts

British Columbia


Ontario History


Alberta (fun facts)

Alberta (Travel Site)

Nova Scotia Enc. Britannica





Central America — Video to help learn the country’s locations on the map

South America — Video to help learn the country’s locations on the map



Mayan Civilization

Write your name in Mayan Glyphs:  Mayan Translator

Write your age in Mayan Glyphs:  Mayan Numbers Translator

Weekly Lesson Plans

Lesson Plans(These abbreviated plans are subject to change by the teacher.)



MASTERPIECE for Exhibit and Science Test coming up–

  • Students are working an art composition this week that will be on display in the Hunter Museum in Chattanooga in March.

  • Science Test next Monday over physical and chemical properties and changes of matter as well as models of matter.  Study guides presented on Tuesday, Jan. 21.






Misc. Links

Olweus Survey 

Class of 2020 Visits Wesley Woods

The Bowman Hills Class of 2020 traveled to Camp Wesley Woods for three days of team building experience in September.  Students played together, worked together, and conquered challenges as a team.  They grew in their leadership skills as they learned the importance of communication, trust, and perseverance.  From the campfire songs stuck in their heads, to the memories of climbing the giant ladder, rowing down the river, painting faces on the Blueberry Trail, hearing an owl on the night hike, screaming hysterically during “hide and scare,” to reflecting on their abilities to work together during challenges, the class returned closer and better prepared as leaders of the school.  Each student discovered gifts God has given them and their classmates to use in His service.  What an amazing, and blessed adventure!  The class of 2020 is beginning to see more clearly what God is calling them to do at Bowman Hills School.