300 Westview Dr NE

Cleveland, TN 37312

7th/8th Grade

Mrs. Valerie Hunt’s 7th and 8th Grade Classroom

I am blessed to teach incredible people–seventh and eighth graders!


          As the Bowman Hills Class of 2022, we want each student to have a remarkable experience here at BHS.  We want to spread God’s message and His “agape love” to everyone who comes to BHS.

          Our mission is to bring others to Jesus Christ.  He is the source of everything we could ever want:  righteousness, peace, and joy.

             “For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink;

but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost.”

  ~Romans 14:17

We hope that this year will be a blessing to all at Bowman Hills School.




“We are all a little broken.  But last time I checked,

broken crayons still color the same.”  ~Trent Shelton


“Be strong and courageous.  Do not be afraid, do not be discouraged,


for the Lord your God will be with you wherever you go.”

~Joshua 1:9




“I have touched with a sense of art some people – they felt the love and the life.

Can you offer me anything to compare to that joy for an artist?” 

~ Mary Cassatt

Final American Art Review


 “Get yourself to a vantage point of seclusion and view the world with your eyes alone.

Think of the infinite spaces of the skies and the world beneath. “

~Charles Burchfield

Artists and Style


Style Characteristics

  • Attempted to show what life is “really” like.
  • Painted subjects to look realistic.
  • Painted common, ordinary, even ugly images of life.
  • Painted the common people instead of the upper class.
  • Showed subjects doing everyday tasks.
  • Brought people into their studios and posed them.

Jean-François Millet ( 1814-1875)

  • Born in France.
  • Visited the Louvre Museum often
  • Painted signs and portraits in his early career.
  • Painted landscapes and people in common everyday activities later in life.
  • Used water color and pastels.




  • Used quick, choppy brush strokes
  • Tried to capture effects of light
  • Placed unmixed colors next to each other to create impression of third color
  • Created shadows using colors instead of using black
  • Painted spontaneously
  • Captured “vibrating quality of light.”

Claude Monet (1840-1926)


Art Nouveau


  • World-wide art movement characterized by:
  •  natural themes — especially floral   (Charles Darwin’s Origin of the Species)
  •   flowing, curving lines and forms
  •  useful art designs–furniture, architecture, jewelry, etc.

Louis Comfort Tiffany (1848-1933)

  • He was trained as a painter.
  •   He became interested in glass making.
  •   He used opalescent glass and   “impurities” in the glass  to   create beautiful works.
  •   Patented his “Favrile” (handmade)   iridescent glass in 1894.
  •   In 1893 he started a factory and hired   skilled glass artisans and   designers–even women.



  • Color instead of form
  • Color to express feeling instead of to show reality
  • Unrealistic color
  • Simplified shapes
  • Patterns and repeated shapes
  • Contrasting color

Henri Matisse (1869-1954)

Biography on Ducksters



  • Created by our featured artist in collaboration with Georges Braque (French) to create a “new way of seeing things”
  • Attempted to show multiple viewpoints at once
  • Used combinations of basic geometric shapes
  • Painted pictures that look like fractured glass
  • Used bright colors and hard-edged forms to create a flattened picture
  • Distorted reality

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

  • Born in Spain
  • Father taught art
  • Went to a prestigious art school at 14
  • Painted so well his father supposedly vowed never to paint again
  • Officially named Pablo(Pablito) Diego Jose Santiago       Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno Crispin   Crispiniano de los Remedios Cipriano de la   Santisima Trinidad Ruiz Blasco y Picasso Lopez!
  • Duckster biography


Style — History and Characteristics

  • The movement started in early 1900s.
  • Artists reverted to the basic fundamentals of art such as color, form, and line.
  • They felt that art shouldn’t be the reproduction of real objects, but the expression of the absolutes of life.
  • The only absolutes are lines and primary colors.
  • Primary colors–red, blue, and yellow or “non-colors”–gray, black, and white
  • Geometric shapes such as rectangular planes or prisms
  • Balance by use of opposition
  • Straight lines or rectangular areas
  • No symmetry
  • Balance and rhythm through proportion and location


Piet Mondrian (1872-1944)

  • He was born Pieter Cornelis Mondriaan, Jr. in the Netherlands.
  • Father was a teacher and artist.
  • He studied art at National Academy of Art in Amsterdam.
  • He left his parents’ church and could be regarded as a “hippy.”
  • He loved nature and painted landscapes and flowers.
  • He taught elementary school.


Style –history and characteristics

  • French for “hobbyhorse”
  • Randomly chosen name (according to historians—knife in dictionary)
  • Anti-art instead of art
  • A reaction to World War I
  • Expression of the disorder of the world
  • Meant to “enrage” instead of “engage”
  • Collage of unrelated subjects
  • Cut up photographs and other printed images
  • Photo mantage

Raoul Hausmann (1886-1971)

  • Born in Austria
  • Moved to Germany when he was 14
  • Studied with his father, a painter
  • Studied art, philosophy, and literature
  • Wrote poems and articles
  • Edited magazine titled “Dada”
  • Helped found the “Dada” art movement


Style–History and Characteristics

  • 1909-1918 (1920s)
  • Began as a literary movement in Italy
  • Started after poet Filippo Tommaso Marinetti wrote a manifesto in 1909
  • create a new art for ourselves
  • throw out the ideas of the past, especially political and artistic ideas.
  • glorify speed, noise, machines, pollution and industrialization of cities
  • see industrialization and the invention of cars and airplanes as man’s triumph over nature
  • oppose “pastists” and “pastism”
  • glorify war and violence
  • Repetition of lines to create rhythm
  • Use of time lapse photography to capture the element of time
  • Illusion of movement
  • Brilliant colors
  • Flowing brush strokes


Giacomo Balla  (1871-1958)

  • Born in Turin Italy in 1871
  • Studied art
  • Worked as an illustrator, caricaturist and portrait painter
  • Taught artists
  • Signed futurist manifesto and devoted work to that style
  • Painted, sculpted, made furniture and clothing in the futurist style
  • Continued working in the style into the 1920s.



Style — History and Characteristics

  • People should free their minds and exercise their “unconscious minds.”
  • Perhaps dreams are more true than everyday reality.
  • Art should be mysterious.
  • Art is images of reality but NOT reality.
  • Fantasy mixed with reality
  • Surprising and imaginative
  • Dream-like and mysterious
  • Images that are not reality but look “real”
  • Juxtaposing (like Dada) unrelated things


René Magritte (1898-1967)

  • He was born in Belgium in 1898.
  • His mother committed suicide when he was 13.
  • At 16 he studied art at a fine arts academy.
  • He served in the military.
  • He worked as a graphic designer designing wallpaper and as a portrait painter.
  • In 1926 began painting in a “surreal” way like Salvador Dali from Spain.

Abstract Expressionism

Style — History and Characteristics

  • The movement had its roots in cubism and   surrealism.
  • Abstract Expressionism started in America after   World War II.
  • With the beginning of Abstract Expressionism,   New York replaced Paris as the center of   the art world.
  • The movement had its roots in cubism and   surrealism.
  • Abstract Expressionism started in America after   World War II.
  • With the beginning of Abstract Expressionism,   New York replaced Paris as the center of   the art world.
  • Painting abstract images
  • Focusing on surface qualities such as brush   strokes and texture
  • Using huge canvases
  • Embracing accidents as part of the art process
  • Glorifying the act of painting
  • Attempting to capture pure emotion on canvas

Jackson Pollock (1912-1956) about him and his unique style

In the 1940’s he began to develop his own unique techniques

  • He affixed the canvas to the floor   or wall.
  • Paint was poured or dripped on the   canvas.
  • Sticks, trowels and knives were   used instead of brushes.
  • Sometimes he mixed broken glass   or sand into the paint.
  • He wanted an All-over style where   no part of the painting is   emphasized over another.

Website with biographical information:  Tate


Pop Art


  • Every day objects drawn in bold colorful ways
  •   Short for Popular Art
  •   Inspired by comic strips, advertising, and   popular entertainment.

Andy Warhol (1928-1987)

  • Born in 1928 with a natural talent for art.
  • Studied design and illustration in college.
  • Worked in New York City after graduation doing magazine illustrations, decorating store windows, designing greeting cards, record   albums, book covers, etc.  He even designed the images used in TV weather reports.
  • Wanted to be famous, so he started his own style of   painting images from everyday life.
  • Made a movie once of a man sleeping for 6 hours.


South America

              SOCIAL STUDIES



“We have nothing to fear for the future,

except as we shall forget the way the Lord has led us,

and His teaching in our past history.” 

                           ~ Ellen White

Biography Research Links

Wikipedia (for organizing and discovering ONLY — not for research of facts)

Works Cited Resources:   MLA Format for pring media such as books

MLA Format Electronic Sources such as internet

Easy Bib



Fanny Lou Hamer

PBS — “Freedom Summer — Hamer”

Stamford University article

Mississippi History Now Online Magazine — “Fannie Lou Hamer:  Civil Rights Activist”

National Women’s History Museum article on Fannie Lou

Nikola Tesla

Franklin Institute — Case file

MIT Timeline of Tesla’s Life and Inventions

“The Extraordinary Life of Nikola Tesla”  Smithsonian Magazine


Henry Ford

Post Gazette — Henry Ford’s Legacy

American National Biography

The Henry Ford

Ford News

Fact File

Obituary from New York Times — On This Day

Oldfield and racing 

Picture of 999 and Oldfield on day of 1902 race win

Henry Ford Hospital

Henry Ford RACE


Thomas Edison


Lemelson Center

National Park Service


Theodore Roosevelt

Miller Center

National Park Service

Theodore Roosevelt Center

Ducksters — Accomplishments

Teddy Bear Story

Alvin York

Tennessee  Virtual Archive

Legends and Traditions of the Great War

World War I Document Archive (a paragraph about him after the war)


Elizabeth Blackwell

U.S. National Library of Medicine — Exhibit on Elizabeth Blackwell “That Girl There Is Doctor In Medicine”

Women’s History.org

Sojourner Truth

PBS — This by Faith

Biography.com — Sojourner Truth

Prudence Crandall

Hartford Courant “State Heroine”

Connecticut History.org — “Prudence Crandall Fights for Equal Access to Education”

Ronald Reagan

White House Biography

Reagan Presidential Foundation and Institute — Life and Times

Biography.com —  Ronald Reagan

History.com — Reagan

Louis Zamperini

National Archives — Zamperini as True American Hero

Interview with Zamperini — YouTube

National Review — “Remembering Louis Zamperini”

Nellie Bly

Women’s Museum of California–First in Their Field:  Nelly Bly

The New Yorker.com — “Nellie Bly’s Lessons in Writing…”

John Muir

School Work Helper — John Muir:  Biography and Contributions

The Great Peacemakers — John Muir

John Muir and “Godful” Nature article

Neil Armstrong

PRI — 5 Ways Neil Armstrong likely changed your life

Neil Armstrong Changed the World — by Bill Nye (Yes, the “science guy”)

Eleanor Roosevelt

FDR Library — Eleanor’s work with Universal Human Rights Declaration

FDR Library — Eleanor and the Tuskegee Airmen

Women’s History — Eleanor Roosevelt

George Eastman

Learning to Give — Student paper with bibliography  on Eastman

PBS — “The Wizard of Photography” from the American Experience

Desmond Doss

U.S. Army Website — Hero behind Hacksaw Ridge

Museum Research Links

Video for formatting in MLA

Easy Bib page

MLA Citation Site

General Medieval History Links

Encyclopedia Britannica          South Attleboro Dentist | James M. Phelan, DMD, MAGD | Exquisite Smiles | The Safest Route to a Whiter, Brighter Smile - South Attleboro Dentist | James M. Phelan, DMD, MAGD | Exquisite Smiles

Questia Research Topics

Edtechteacher Medieval History Websites

William the Conqueror

Ducksters (good overview) — William the Conqueror

Royal UK — William the Conqueror

Ancient History Encyclopedia — William the Conqueror

History.com — “10 Things You May Not Know About William the Conqueror

History Extra — “9 Surprising Facts about William the Conqueror and the Norman Conquest


Academic Kids.com

Ancient History Encyclopedia — Children’s Crusade

BBC — “The Crusades”

The Met — “The Crusades”

History.com — “The Disastrous Time tens of Thousands of Children Tried to Start a Crusade”

Joan of Arc


Smithsonian  —  France’s Leading Lady



St. Joan Center

Ducksters — Joan of Arc



Britannica Kids Homework — Great site for making an outline

10 Facts About Vikings from National Geographic Kids

DK Findout — Vikings

Mr. Donn Viking Life–many topics related to Vikings


Central European University


Ancient History Encyclopedia

International Heraldry.com

English Heritage Organization — Our Guide to Heraldry



Encyclopedia Britannica– Sufism

New World Encyclopedia — Sufism

Art of the Sufis — The Met

Oxford Islamic Studies — Sufism


BBC –Jalaluddin Rumi

Whirling Dervish — Historydaily


How Stuff Works — Samurai

Bushido from New World Encyclopedia

Sandy Fussell — Samurai




Peter the Great Museum — Exhibit on Samurai

DK —Samurai Knights


Ancient Encyclopedia

Good site for Samurai social structure:  FactsNDetails



Cultural India — Akbar the Great

History Today — Death of the Emperor Akbar

Biography.com — Akbar the Great


Gothic Architecture

An Introduction to Gothic Architecture from Khan Academy

Academic Kids Encyclopedia — Gothic Architecture

School History — Gothic Architecture

SmartHistory —  Gothic Architecture:  An Introduction  (same article as Khan Academy)


Mansa Musa

Ancient History Encyclopedia — “Mansa Musa”

Britannica Homework Help — Musa

Mr. Donn —  “Mansa Musa:  The Muslim King of Mali”

National Geographic — “Mansa Musa: Musa I of Mali”

Ducksters — Empire of Ancient Mali


Genghis Khan

Ancient History Encyclopedia — “Genghis Khan”

History.com — “Genghis Khan”

Discover Magazine — “The Life of Genghis Khan,  The Ruthless Warlord Who Created the World’s Largest Empire

The MET — “The Legacy of Genghis Khan”

Martin Luther

Biography.com — Martin Luther

Biography online Martin Luther

Britannica Kids Homework

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy — “Martin Luther”

BBC — “Martin Luther”

The New Yorker — “How Martin Luther Changed the World”



Francis of Assisi

Encyclopedia of World Biography — “Francis of Assisi biography”

Christian History — “Francis of Assissi


DKFindOut — Introduction to Knights

Ducksters — Middle Ages:  History of the Medieval Knight

Mr. Donn — “Knights, Squires, and Pages”

LibraryPoint — “A Day of Knights”

Ancient History Encyclopedia —  “Medieval Knights”












Eleanor of Aquitaine




Ehistory at Ohio State University

British Heritage Travel

Electrum Magazine article











Attila the Hun

History for Kids “Attila the Hun”

Ancient History Encyclopedia

Smithsonian Magazine.com




Ancient History Encyclopedia



Bay Trail Middle School — Mr. Giotto’s Online Textbook

Encyclopedia Britannica

Marriage to Theodora — Catholic Law Review

The famous people


Black Death

History Today

Centers for Disease Control

Eyewitness to History


Khan Academy — The Black Death

Khan Academy — Plague



Ming Dynasty

The UnMuseum

China Highlights

Encyclopedia Britannica — Great Wall

How Stuff Works.com

Travel China.com

Encyclopedia Britannica — Ming


Ancient Encyclopedia

Ming Lacquerwork


Siege Weapons

Exploring Castles.com

Medieval Life and Times

Ancient History Encyclopedia



History on the Net

How stuff works — siege methods

History Crunch.com

Lords ‘n Ladies


Famous Seige


Queen Isabella of Spain

Encyclopedia Britannica


New Encyclopedia.org

South Attleboro Dentist | James M. Phelan, DMD, MAGD | Exquisite Smiles | The Safest Route to a Whiter, Brighter Smile - South Attleboro Dentist | James M. Phelan, DMD, MAGD | Exquisite Smiles mrshunt   BHS78

Canadian Provinces Research Project Links

Encyclopedia Britannica — Use search bar and type in your province for reliable resources and information.

Travel Canada — Kids Space  (This has links to each province–Good site)

2Learn — Numerous links to resources on Canada and regions

Canada Info — Information on Provinces  (Site Kids’ Space links to)*****

Kids’ Zone — Links to information about the provinces (good site)*****

Canadian Geographic — Unusual Facts

Links to numerous resources about various topics on Canada

Blank map of Canada to practice provinces and capitals study

Canadian Encyclopedia–This site has articles and time lines

Canadian Provinces Tutorial–This site has an interactive map to practice provinces and capitals as well as information about each province

Tripsavvy — Guide to the provinces with interesting pieces of information***


Specific Provinces — Mostly Fun Facts

Labrador and Newfoundland

New Brunswick

Yukon Territory

Northwest Territories


Nova Scotia

Quebec  — Things to see and do,  Fun Facts

Prince Edward Island — Fun Facts

British Columbia


Ontario History


Alberta (fun facts)

Alberta (Travel Site)

Nova Scotia Enc. Britannica


Provinces and Capitals of Canada — Link to study


Central America — Video to help learn the country’s locations on the map

South America — Video to help learn the country’s locations on the map



Mayan Civilization

Write your name in Mayan Glyphs:  Mayan Translator

Write your age in Mayan Glyphs:  Mayan Numbers Translator

Links to Candidate’s websites — Politics1.com

POT POURRI (Miscellaneous)

Excerpts from Psalm 91 —  Promises for such a time as this!


“For he will rescue you from every trap, and protect you from deadly disease.

Do not dread the disease that stalks in the darkness, nor the disease that strikes midday.

Though a 1,000 fall at your side, though 10,000 are dying around you, these evils will not touch you.

No evil will conquer you; no  plague will come near your home.

For he will order his angels to protect you wherever you may go.

You will trample upon lions and cobras; you will crush fierce lions and serpents beneath your feet.

The Lord says, ‘I will rescue those who love me. I will protect those who trust in my name.

When they call on me, I will answer; I will be with them in trouble. I will rescue and honor them.

I will reward them with a long life and give them my salvation.’”

~Psalm 91:1,3,6-7,10-11,13-16 NLT version

Shared by Jamie Hagan


 Psalm 139 (NIV)

O Lord, you have searched me,
and you know me.

You know when I sit and when I rise;
you perceive my thoughts from afar.

You discern my going out and my lying

   down; you are familiar with all my ways.


4Before a word is on my tongue
you know it completely, O Lord.

You hem me in behind and before;
you have laid your hand upon me.

Such knowledge is too wonderful for me,

    too lofty for me to attain.


Where can I go from your Spirit?
Where can I flee from your presence?

If I go up to the heavens, you are there;
if I make my bed in the depths, you are

If I rise on the wings of the dawn,
if I settle on the far side of the sea,

10 even there your hand will guide me,
your right hand will hold me fast.

11 If I say, “Surely the darkness will hide me
and the light become night around me,”

12 even the darkness will not be dark to you;
the night will shine like the day,
for darkness is as light to you.

13 For you created my inmost being;
you knit me together in my mother’s womb.

14 I praise you because I am fearfully and

   wonderfully made; your works are

   wonderful, I know that full well.


15 My frame was not hidden from you
when I was made in the secret place,
when I was woven together in the depths of

    the earth.

16 Your eyes saw my unformed body;
all the days ordained for me were written in

    your book before one of them came to be.


17 How precious to me are your thoughts, O

How vast is the sum of them!

18 Were I to count them,
they would outnumber the grains of

    sand—when I awake, I am still with you.


19 If only you would slay the wicked, O God!
Away from me, you bloodthirsty men!

20 They speak of you with evil intent;
your adversaries misuse your name.


21 Do I not hate those who hate you, O Lord,
and abhor those who rise up

    against you?

22 I have nothing but hatred for them;
I count them my enemies.


23 Search me, O God, and know my heart;
test me and know my anxious thoughts.

24 See if there is any offensive way in me,
and lead me in the way everlasting.





Xtra Math Log in

IXL Log in


IXL skills practice will be assigned in class for individual skills instead of multiple skills being assigned at once.





Science Spot — Links to Periodic Table


Isomers — Khan Academy


Jefferson Labs — Balancing Act!



Insect Collection


Labeling Directions:

  • Times New Roman
  • 9 pt. font
  • Single spaced

Collector:  Your Name

Date:  9-15-20 (or other date if you know it)

Locality:  Cleveland, TN

Common Name

Genus species


Genetic Engineering Websites to Visit

Pros and Cons — Health Research Funding

Genetic Engineering topics to explore — A Guide for Kids with Tiki the Penguin


Genetic Engineering and the Christian — Is it moral?

Adventist Perspective — Adventist.org

Bible Texts — Open Bible.info

Glossary of Astronomers from Enchanted Learning

Famous Astronomers.org

Space.com — Famous Astronomers

Windows2universe — People

Early Astronomers


Space Facts — Information for Planet Postcards


Links for Tree Honor Project

Leaf Identification Sites — Online Dichotomous Keys

  1. Key to Leaves of Virginia Trees
  2. What Tree Is It?
  3. Illustrated Key to Common Trees of Middle Tennessee
  4. Dichotomous Tree Key
  5. Virginia Tech Dendrology

Tree Table Assistance

Pathfinder Tree Honor Key

Leaf Test Practice

Leaf ID Power point

Root Resources

Kiddle — “Root Facts for Kids”

Crops Review — The Functions of the Root

Encyclopedia.com — Roots

Lecture on Roots (look at big ideas on slides)

Alcohol Webquest Resources

  1. How alcohol works — https://science.howstuffworks.com/alcohol1.htm
  2. Alcohol’s effects on the body — https://www.collegedrinkingprevention.gov/specialfeatures/interactivebody.aspx
  3. What do you know about the effects of alcohol?  QUIZ —http://healthlibrary.brighamandwomens.org/InteractiveTools/Quizzes/40,AlcoholAbuseQuiz
  4. Binge Drinking — https://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/fact-sheets/binge-drinking.htm
  5. Compute your BAC (Blood Alcohol Concentration) — http://www.intox.com/wheel/drinkwheel.asp




  1. balmy

  2. crusade

  3. diminish

  4. endeavor

  5. profound

  6. revelation

  7. colloquial

  8. evaluate

  9. predict

  10. soliloquy

  11. diction

  12. verdict

  13. jurisdiction

  14. indictment

  15. multilingual

  16. linguistics

  17. lingo

  18. bilingual

  19. eloquence

  20. circumlocution